4.1302 Definitions.

Cite as [A.S.C.A. § 4.1302 ]

As used in this chapter unless the context requires otherwise:

(a) "Active treatment" means provision of services as specified in an individualized service plan. These services may include, but are not limited to, activities, experiences, and therapy which are part of a professionally developed and supervised program of health, social, habilitative, and developmental services.

(b) "Case management services" means services to persons with developmental disabilities that assist them in gaining access to needed social, medical, legal, educational, and other services, and includes:

(1) Follow-along services which assure, through a continuing relationship between an agency or provider and a person with a developmental disability and the person's parent, if the person is a minor, or guardian, if a guardian has been appointed for the purpose,

that the changing needs of the person and the family are recognized and appropriately met.

(2) Coordinating and monitoring services provided to persons with developmental disabilities by two or more persons, organizations, or agencies.

(3) Providing information to persons with developmental disabilities about availability of services and assisting the persons in obtaining the services.

(c) "Department" means the Department of Human Resources.

(d) "Developmental disabilities" means a severe, chronic disability of a person which;

(1) is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or combination of mental and physical impairments;

(2) is manifested before the person attains age twenty-two;

(3) is likely to continue indefinitely;

(4) results in substantial functional limitations in three or more of the following areas of major life activity; self-care, receptive and expressive language, learning, mobility, self-direction, capacity for independent living, and economic sufficiency; and

(5) reflects the person's need for a combination and sequence of special, interdisciplinary, or generic care, treatment, or other services which are of lifelong or extended duration and are individually planned and coordinated.

(e) "Director" shall mean the director of the Department of Human Resources.

(f) "Habilitation" means the process by which the staff of an agency assists an individual to cope more effectively with the demands of his or her own person and environment and to raise the level of his or her physical, mental, and social functioning. Habilitation includes, but is not limited to, programs of formal structured education and treatment.

(g) "Individualized service plan" means the written plan required by section 4.1307.

(h) "Individually appropriate" means responsive to the needs of the person as determined through interdisciplinary assessment and provided pursuant to an individualized service plan.

(i) "Interdisciplinary team" means a group of persons that is drawn from or represents those professions, disciplines, or service areas that are relevant to identifying an individual's needs and designing a program to meet them, and is responsible for evaluating the individual's needs, developing and individualized service plan to meet them, periodically reviewing the individual's response to the plan, and revising the plan accordingly. A complete team includes the individual being served, unless clearly unable to participate; the individual's family, unless their participation has been determined to be inappropriate; those persons who work most to provide service to the individual, including direct-care or direct-contact staff; and any other persons whose participation is relevant to identifying the needs of the individual and devising ways to meet them.

(j) "Least restrictive" means the least intrusive and least disruptive intervention into the life of a person with developmental disabilities that represents the least departure from normal patterns of living that can be effective in meeting the person's developmental needs.

(k) "Least restrictive environment" means that environment that represents the least departure from normal patterns of living that can be effective in meeting the individual's needs.

(l) "Monitor" means to conduct a systematic, coordinated, objective, qualitative review of services provided by any person, agency, or organization.

(m) "Representative" means any individual who can advise and advocate for a person with developmental disabilities and who shall serve at the request and pleasure of such person; provided that if the person with developmental disabilities is a minor or is legally incapacitated and has not requested a representative, the parent or guardian of the person may request a representative to assist on behalf of the person with developmental disabilities.

(n) "Residence" or "residential" means the living space occupied by the person with a developmental disability, including single-person homes, natural family homes, care

homes, group homes, foster homes, institutional facilities, and all other types of living arrangements.

(o) "Services" means appropriate assistance provided to a person with a developmental disability in the least restrictive, individually appropriate environment to provide for basic living requirements and continuing development of independence or interdependent living skills of the person. These services include, but are not restricted to: case management; residential, developmental, and vocational support; training; habilitation; active treatment; day treatment; day activity; respite care; domestic assistance; attendant care; rehabilitation; speech, physical, occupational and recreational therapy; recreational opportunities; counseling, including counseling to the person's family, guardian, or other appropriate representative; development of language and communications skills; interpretation; transportation; and equipment.

History: 1991, PL 22-17.