TUFONO IONAT ANA, Plaintiff
VAEAO SOLIPO, MOAMOA VAEAO, TIPI LAUTOA, SASA
MALEPEAI, and LELA SAVALl, Defendants
High Court of American Samoa
Land and Titles Division
LT No. 27-88
November 21, 1989
Parties who did not object to offer for registration of land in accordance with statutory procedure were bound by the result in the ensuing registration proceedings, although they were not parties to the proceeding, because registration proceedings have in rem effect. A.S.C.A. §§ 37.0101 et seq.
Party seeking injunction as matter of summary judgment must show that no material question of fact remains. T.C.R.C.P. 56.
Summary judgment would be awarded plaintiff on issue of land ownership previously established in a proceeding having in rem effect; but would be denied with respect to injunction against interference or encroachment on land where the pleadings and papers did not clearly show such interference or encroachment and where survey of disputed land in prior proceeding showed existing structures that might raise equitable issues.
Before KRUSE, Chief Justice, TAUANU'U, Chief Associate Judge, and MATA'UTIA, Associate Judge.
Counsel: For Plaintiff, Utu Sinagege R.M.
For Defendants, Gata E. Gurr
On Motion for Summary Judgment:
Plaintiff Tufono Ionatana seeks a permanent injunction against the defendants to enjoin them from interfering with his family's use of the land "Milomilo" and to enjoin defendants' encroachment on said land. [13ASR2d48]
Defendants are various individuals alleged as living "immediately adjacent to Plaintiffs land MILOMILO, a couple of their dwelling[s] actually [having] overlapped onto plaintiffs land." Complaint paragraph 4. Plaintiff also complaint that defendants have at different times interfered with his family's use and enjoyment of "Milomilo," which numerous court decisions have affirmed as being owned by the Tufono family. Plaintiff seeks a permanent injunction.
In order to delimit the issues in this matter, the Court required the parties to either provide pre-trial briefs on past court decisions or , alternatively, to seek summary judgment where appropriate.
Plaintiff has responded by way of a lengthy motion for summary judgment addressing only the question of ownership. After reviewing the cases referred us by the parties, we find ourselves in agreement with plaintiffs claim that his family was awarded title to a certain 2.59 acre tract of land known a "Milomilo" located in the village of Fagatogo. See Tufono v. Ta'amu, LT No. 06-1984 (1984).
In so concluding, we necessarily reject defendants' argument to the effect that the decision in LT No. 06-1984 is not binding on them since they --- as members of the Fa'agata family -- were not privy to those proceedings. The defendants are bound by the decision in Tufono v. Ta'amu. This particular matter was referred to the Land and Titles Division as a contested registration application pursuant to A.S.C.A. § 37.0104. Tufono there attempted to register title to the subject land pursuant to the provisions of A.S.C.A. §§ 37.0101 et seq. The only objector to the offer for registration was the Ta'amu family. The Fa'agata family, by failing to object to Tufono's offer of registration, cannot now complain. Puluti v. Muliufi, 4 A.S.R. 672, 674 (1965). Registration proceedings pursuant to A.S.C.A. § 37.0101 et seq. have in rem effect. Molitui v. Pisa, 2 A.S.R. 268, 270 (1947).
The Fa'agatas, and indeed the rest of the world, are therefore bound by the decision in Tufono v. Ta'amu, LT No. 06-1984 (1984). Partial summary judgment against the defendants may accordingly enter on the issue of established ownership.
To obtain an injunction as a matter of summary judgment, the plaintiffs would of course have to show that no material question of fact exists. T.C.R.C.P. Rule 56. Tufono's motion fails on at least two critical points. First, he alleges that the defendants have committed several acts of actual or near violence. This is the reason his family [13ASR2d49] seeks an injunction. The defendants deny this in paragraph 4 of their Answer. This alone raises a material question of fact. Secondly, plaintiffs pleadings do not specify the exact location of defendants' interference or overlap beyond stating that it is within "Milomilo". No reference to any survey or map is made, To prevail, plaintiff must establish that such interference or overlap is within "Milomilo" as that tract of land is known in LT No.06-84.
Additionally, we note from the exhibits in Tufono v. Ta 'amu, LT No.06-84, particularly plaintiffs exhibit No.1, that Tufono's survey of "Milomilo" upon which judgment was based actually traversed through what look like existing structures. If indeed there are instances of asserted overlapping, then any permanent injunctions would necessarily give rise to equitable considerations "to avoid economic waste or unjust enrichment." Atofau v.Lopa, 2 A.S.R.2d 45, 47 (1985).
Summary judgment is denied. Partial summary judgment is granted.
It is so Ordered.