In the Matter of the Complaint of VOYAGER, INC.,
as Registered Owner of the Fishing Vessel VOYAGER,
Engines, Tackle, Apparel, etc., in a Cause of Exoneration
from or Limitation of Liability
High Court of American Samoa
CA No. 76-92
November 16, 1992
The High Court cannot enjoin proceedings in other jurisdictions in a limitation-of-liability proceeding, because the federal statute restricts jurisdiction to federal district courts and because neither the territorial legislature nor the court's rules can extend the court's jurisdiction to encompass proceedings in other jurisdictions. 46 U .S.C. § 145, 181 et seq.; T.C.R.C.P. Rule F(I).
Before KRUSE, Chief Justice.
Counsel: For Plaintiff Voyager, Inc., William H. Reardon
Voyager, Inc., as owners of the fishing vessel VOYAGER, has filed a "Complaint for Exoneration from or Limitation of Liability," invoking the High Court's admiralty jurisdiction "pursuant to ASCA 3.0208(a), TCRCP Supplemental Rules for Certain Admirably and Maritime Claims, Rule F, TCRCP 9(H) and 46 U.S.C. § 181 et seq." The complaint alludes to a suit filed in the Superior Court of California, County of San Diego, by a Byron J. Blocker and Catherine A. Blocker of San Diego, California, against Voyager , Inc. , wherein Byron Blocker seeks damages for personal injuries sustained as the result of an explosion on board the VOYAGER, while his wife Catherine Blocker seeks damages for loss of consortium. Total damages prayed for by the Blockers is $17.5 million.
The complaint before us alleges that the vessel's value does not exceed $3 million and that the vessel's owner accordingly seeks to limit liability to the extent of the vessel's value, under 46 U.S.C. § 181 et seq. and under "all other rules and statutes limiting a vessel owner's liability." The vessel owner seeks from the court a "Notice to Claimants" pursuant to T.C.R.C.P., Supplemental Rules for Certain Admirably and Maritime Claims, Rule F(4). This application was previously made and denied. [23ASR2d48]
Rule F(l) presupposes a limitation-of-liability action "pursuant to statute." (emphasis added). The rule also presupposes that the High Court can enjoin proceedings in other jurisdictions in order to consolidate any and all claims against a vessel in a limitation proceeding before the High Court of American Samoa. See Rule F(3). However, no territorial statutory remedy for limitation of liability exists, and the High Court of American Samoa has no jurisdiction to grant relief under the provisions of 46 U.S.C. §§ 181 et seq., because Congress restricted jurisdiction to the federal district courts. See 46 U.S.C. § 145; In re Complaint of Interocean Ships, 2 A.S.R.2d 76 (App. Div. 1985). As noted by the Appellate Division:
The Fono [through the enactment of A.S.C.A. § 3.0208(a)(3)
-conferring admiralty jurisdiction on the High Court] cannot
extend the jurisdiction of this court to encompass proceedings
in other jurisdictions. Neither can this court accomplish
that result through its procedural rules.
Interocean Ships, 2 A.S.R.2d at 80 (emphasis added).
Application for notice to claimants is denied.
It is so ordered.