Amisone v. Talaeai,

ÿWPCá  *(› dØëÑ£Dce!'xq„χ¶ãÂzýxh°D }xEy‘(Xa —_ãªÿ-v5j6Y¨ÖÍj|.¯Z;K” ¶â,ÁÃq®ÏÇ(ñ­)¡À!®Ò =Av䃳±‰ÜB8-Á[ˆ|Ñn 0Ѩøx¼²¾¸µò¾Itf€×n¹=FNW´‚"!Mš]4?•¥ Ž´!œ ÆIwF>{@×îîòÕbÔ¹'»õ‡KÓ!d€ð<1@íâ^÷ÇŸ›«²pUÍÜ^UË–gÛø âCVcJiÊ„=ûvBæáV½ô=5Àُ©(ž9² 0à Í mÍ#ÁäUN¥ %óNù ~û¶y D-/U>\^ šw¦4ª¾ÍpÏ?¢?(›Å©$¡¡ÔUSUS.,ÔÓK€ (€X°KÓÔ€ XîXXXÔÔ€ XîXXXîÔƒ`À€€€ÿÿÿ˜0&Öd9 Z‹6Times New Roman RegularX ˜C:\PROGRA~1\Corel\WORDPE~1\Template\CUSTOM~1\Web\wp9web.wptC:\Program Files\Corel\WordPerfect Office 2000\Template\Custom WP Templates\Web\wp9web.wpt)!ÈÈÈÈdxdx&Öd9 Z‹&Times New Romanz!ž,L Ÿn,ê:i¢×+003|xC:\PROGRA~1\Corel\WORDPE~1\template\CUSTOM~1\poplar.gifpC:\PROGRA~1\Corel\WORDPE~1\template\CUSTOM~1\poplar.gifC:\Program Files\Corel\WordPerfect Office 2000\template\Custom WP Templates\poplar.gif8Ï Ø.wéDwé,°ÑJ¬?$Ï\R¬?$ÏàU·`ÔúO¬? é€YˆàΰÔ}qÝsÜo àU·Øo Øo Øo Ý ƒÅ©!ÝÔUSUS.,ÔÓK€ (€XKÓÔ€ XîÌXXXÔÔ€ XîÌXX XîÌÔÝ  ÝÔ_ÔÓ  Óò òÔ_ÔESEROMAÔ_Ô€Ô_ÔAMISONEÔ_Ô,€Individually€and€as€Administrator€Ð ÜÜ Ðfor€the€Estate€of€Ô_ÔFILIPOÔ_Ô€Ô_ÔAMISONEÔ_Ô,€Deceased,€Ð ÖÖ Ðand€Ô_ÔFETAOMIÔ_Ô€Ô_ÔAMISONEÔ_Ô,€Plaintiffs,€Ð ÐÐ Ѐ€€€€€€€€€€€€v.Ð ¦¦ ÐÔ_ÔKERISIANOÔ_Ô€Ô_ÔTALAEAIÔ_Ô,€HERBERT€BOAT,€Ð || ÐINSURANCE€COMPANY€OF€THE€€PACIFIC,€and€DOES€I-X,€Ð vv ÐDefendants.Ð pp ÐHigh€Court€of€American€SamoaÐ F F  ÐTrial€DivisionÐ @ @  ÐCA€No.€84-91Ð    ÐAugust€26,€1992ó óÐ ìì  Ð__________Р  ÐÓ  Óò òA€motion€for€summary€judgment€against€a€defaulting€party€is€inappropriate€when€the€civil„procedure€rules€expressly€provide€forÐ ˜˜  Ða€motion€for€default€judgment,€which€is€designed€to€minimize€injustice€to€non„appearing€parties.€Fed.€R.€Civ.€P.€55,€56;Ð ’’  ÐÔ_ÔT.C.R.C.P.Ô_Ô€55,€56.ó óÐ ŒŒ ÐBefore€RICHMOND,€Associate€Justice,€Ô_ÔTAUANUÔ_Ô`U,€Chief€Associate€Judge,€and€Ô_ÔLOGOAIÔ_Ô,€Associate€Judge.Ð bb ÐÐ ÐCounsel:€€For€Plaintiffs,€John€L.€Ward€IIÐ VV Ѐ€€€€Plaintiffs€brought€this€action€in€tort€for€the€death€of€Ô_ÔFilipoÔ_Ô€Ô_ÔAmisoneÔ_Ô,€the€son€of€plaintiffs€Ô_ÔEseromaÔ_Ô€and€Ô_ÔFetaomiÔ_Ô€Ô_ÔAmisoneÔ_Ô,€as€a€passenger€inÐ ,, Ða€one-vehicle€accident€against€the€driver,€owner€and€insurer€of€the€vehicle,€respectively,€defendants€Ô_ÔKerisianoÔ_Ô€Ô_ÔTalaeaiÔ_Ô,€Herbert€Boat€andÐ && ÐInsurance€Company€of€the€Pacific.€€The€action€has€been€settled€with€defendants€Boat€and€Insurance€Company€of€the€Pacific.€€DefendantÐ    ÐÔ_ÔTalaeaiÔ_Ô,€who€has€been€convicted€of€the€crime€of€homicide€by€vehicle€in€violation€of€Ô_ÔA.S.C.A.Ô_Ô€ðð€22.0706€in€connection€with€the€accident,€hasÐ  Ðnot€filed€an€answer€in€this€action.€Plaintiffs€have€moved€for€a€partial€summary€judgment€on€the€issue€of€defendant€Ô_ÔTalaeaiÔ_Ô's€liability€and€haveÐ  Ðrequested€a€hearing€to€establish€the€award€of€damages.€€The€motion€was€heard€on€July€10,€1992.€€ò ò[22ASR2d52]ó óÐ  Ѐ€€€€On€July€21,€1992,€plaintiffs€filed€a€motion€for€reconsideration,€new€trial€or€hearing,€and/or€amended€judgment.€€The€hearing€on€thatÐ ä ä  Ðmotion€on€August€10,€1992€prompts€the€issuance€of€this€amended€order€to€correct€a€typographical€error€in€citing€a€nonexistent€subsectionÐ Þ!Þ! Ð(b)(1)€of€Ô_ÔT.C.R.C.P.Ô_Ô€Rule€55€and€an€inaccurate€statement€in€the€discussion€on€the€procedural€requirements€of€that€rule.€€Defendant€Ô_ÔTalaeaiÔ_ÔÐ Ø"Ø" Ðfirst€appeared,€by€attorney€Ô_ÔGataÔ_Ô€E.€Ô_ÔGurrÔ_Ô,€at€the€hearing€of€this€motion,€the€substantive€disposition€of€which€will€be€addressed€in€a€separateÐ Ò#Ò# Ðorder.Ð Ì$Ì$ Ѐ€€€€Since€the€motion€for€partial€summary€judgment€has€been€made€under€default€circumstances,€the€Court€first€considers€whether€or€not€suchÐ ¢&¢& Ða€motion€under€Ô_ÔT.C.R.C.P.Ô_Ô€Rule€56,€instead€of€a€motion€for€default€judgment€under€Ô_ÔT.C.R.C.P.Ô_Ô€Rule€55,€is€appropriate.Ð œ'œ' Ѐ€€€€We€look€to€the€Federal€Rules€of€Civil€Procedure€for€guidance.€Ô_ÔA.S.C.A.Ô_Ô€ðð€43.0201(a).€€Ô_ÔT.C.R.C.P.Ô_Ô€Rule€56€and€F.R.C.P.€Rule€56,Ð r)r) Ðwhich€are€identically€worded,€do€not€expressly€prohibit€a€motion€for€summary€judgment€against€a€party€in€default.€€However,€beforeÐ l*l*  Ðamendment€in€1948,€F.R.C.P.€Rule€56€did€prevent€a€motion€for€summary€judgment€until€the€defendant's€answer€was€served.€€This€changeÐ f+f+! Ðwas€not€intended€to€broaden€the€scope€of€circumstances€under€which€a€motion€for€summary€judgment€is€appropriately€made,€but€to€curtailÐ `,`," Ðdilatory€defense€tactics€by€delaying€service€of€the€answer.€€C.€Wright,€A.€Miller,€and€M.€Kane,€10€Federal€Practice€and€Procedure:€Civil€2dÐ Z-Z-# Ððð€2711€(1983).Ð T.T.$ Ѐ€€€€It€would€also€be€inconsistent€to€permit€a€motion€for€summary€judgment€in€a€default€situation€when€both€sets€of€civil€procedure€rulesÐ *0*0% Ðexpressly€provide€for€a€motion€for€default€judgment.€Ô_ÔT.C.R.C.P.Ô_Ô€Rule€55€and€F.R.C.P.€Rule€55.€€Again,€the€general€historical€use€ofÐ $1$1& ÐF.R.C.P.€Rule€56€in€practice€has€been€when€all€parties€affected€by€the€proposed€summary€judgment€have€at€least€appeared€in€some€mannerÐ 22' Ðin€the€action.€€See€the€discussion€in€C.€Wright,€A.€Miller,€and€M.€Kane,€10€Federal€Practice€and€Procedure:€Civil€2d€ðððð€2712,€2716€andÐ ÜÜ Ð2717€(1983).Ð ÖÖ Ѐ€€€€Lastly,€from€the€perspective€of€the€territorial€civil€procedure€rules,€extension€of€a€motion€for€summary€judgment€to€default€situationsÐ ¬¬ Ðwould€tend€to€reduce,€if€only€by€inertia,€the€use€of€discretionary€evidentiary€hearings€which€are€expressly€authorized€and€customarily€heldÐ ¦¦ Ðunder€Ô_ÔT.C.R.C.P.Ô_Ô€Rule€55(b),€in€addition€to€the€unique€requirement€of€serving€the€defaulting€party€with€notice€of€the€motion€for€defaultÐ    Ðjudgment,€which€is€not€required€with€respect€to€Ô_ÔnonappearingÔ_Ô€parties€under€F.R.C.P.€Rule€55(b)(1).€€While€service€of€a€notice€of€a€motionÐ šš Ðfor€summary€judgment€ò ò[22ASR2d53]ó ó€is€required,€evidentiary€hearings€are€not€mentioned€in€and€are€rarely€held€under€Ô_ÔT.C.R.C.P.Ô_Ô€Rule€56.Ð ”” Ѐ€€€€Proceedings€to€expeditiously€conclude€litigation,€when€appropriate,€are€useful,€and€both€summary€judgment€and€default€judgmentÐ j j  Ðproceedings€serve€that€worthy€objective€well.€€If€summary€judgment€proceedings€are€restricted€to€actions€in€which€the€parties€to€the€motionÐ d d  Ðhave€appeared,€those€parties'€interests€are€inherently€protected.€€The€importance€of€using€default€judgment€proceedings€in€default€situationsÐ ^ ^  Ðis€to€regularize€judicial€scrutiny€in€such€cases€to€minimize,€if€not€entirely€avoid,€injustices€to€Ô_ÔnonappearingÔ_Ô€parties€that€may€otherwiseÐ X X  Ðoccasionally€happen.€€It€is€better€practice€in€this€jurisdiction€to€maintain€this€clear€dichotomy€between€summary€and€default€judgmentÐ R R  Ðproceedings.€€Ð LL  Ѐ€€€€For€these€reasons,€we€deny€plaintiffs'€motion€for€partial€summary€judgment.€€Plaintiffs€can,€of€course,€proceed€by€way€of€a€motion€forÐ ""  Ðdefault€judgment.Ð  Ѐ€€€€It€is€so€ordered.Ð òò Ð(Dated€as€of€July€15,€1992.)Ð ÈÈ ÐÓ  Ó**********Ð žž ÐÓÓ