In re a MINOR CHILD
High Court of American Samoa
April 20, 1988
Since termination or relinquishment of parental rights also divests natural parents of legal obligations to the child, court should take account of the ages of natural parents and of proposed adoptive parents as a factor in determining who will be better able to care and provide for the child during the remaining period of minority. A.S.C.A. § 43.0403.
Petition for termination or relinquishment of parental rights should not be granted where no benefit to child would result.
Child would not benefit from relinquishment order where (1) proposed adoptive parent was 79, natural parents were 39 and 49, and child was 10; (2) natural parents were employed and had a family home; and (3) proposed adoptive parent received a total income of $275 per month and relied on support from other family members to maintain household.
Before KRUSE, Associate Justice, and TAUANU'U, Chief Associate Judge.
Counsel: For Petitioner, Togiola T.A. Tulafono
The facts herein are: grandmother, a widow, is 79 years of age and seeks ultimately the adoption of her 10 year old granddaughter. To this end, the natural parents have brought these proceedings to relinquish their parental rights to the minor.
The minor's natural circumstances are that she is one of four children. Her parents are 49 and 39 years of age respectively. Both are gainfully employed, and they have secured a family home.[12ASR2d116]
The child is said however to have spent most of her life under the care of grandmother who lives next door to the child's family home. Grandmother's household also includes another married daughter, her husband and other grandchildren. We note from the reports of the Child Protection Services Agency that grandmother has had charge of many of her grandchildren, although she has only considered the adoption of the minor before the Court. The reports further reveal that by way of income, grandmother receives a monthly social security check of $175 and an allotment of $100 per month from one of her sons who is serving with the Armed Forces. Notwithstanding, it is also the conclusion of the Child Protection Services Agency, that the realities of grandmother's household are that the daughter and son-in-law are in fact the breadwinners.
We have no doubts on the evidence that grandmother has exhibited the qualities of being a fit, loving and caring parent, but we are equally without doubt that she is not any more fit and suitable than the natural parents. Additionally, given the fact that a relinquishment order would have the final effect of divesting the natural parents of any further obligations towards the child ---A.S.C.A. § 45.0403(d) ---the respective ages of the grandmother and the natural parents bear significantly when weighed against the child's remaining and expected years of dependency. In these circumstances the child would obviously be better off with her status quo remaining. There is nothing on the evidence to suggest any specific advantage to the child necessitating a relinquishment order. The relationship existing between the grandmother and grandchild may nonetheless continue.
We accordingly deny the petition as being contrary to the child's best interests and welfare.