Chapter 01 - Development Bank of American Samoa
Chapter 01 - Development Bank of American Samoa
In order to provide the people of American Samoa with lending and investment facilities and assist in the promotion of private enterprise and meet the needs of developing economy, the corporate body known as the “Development Bank of American Samoa”, hereinafter referred to as “the Bank”, is empowered under the charter of the Bank to carry out its purposes.
The charter of the Bank is as follows in this section and 28.0103 through 28.0105:
(a) The existence of the Bank shall be perpetual.
(b) The principal office of the Bank shall be located at Pago Pago, Tutuila, American Samoa.
(c) Subject to any existing limitation or limitations hereinafter enacted, the Bank, through its officers and agents, is authorized to engage in all banking functions, other than to receive deposits of money that will assist in the economic advancement of American Samoa.
(d) In performing the functions authorized in subsection (c), the Bank shall have and exercise all lawful powers normally exercised by banking corporations, including the following:
(1) to adopt, alter and use a corporate seal:
(2) to adopt and amend bylaws governing the conduct of its business and the exercise of its powers;
(3) to sue and be sued in its corporate name;
(4) to acquire in any lawful manner, real, personal, or mixed property, either tangible or intangible, to hold, maintain, use, and operate such property, and to sell, lease, or otherwise dispose of such property.
(e) The Board may, by majority vote of its entire membership, adopt, amend, or repeal bylaws of the Bank providing for the management of the business of the Bank, the organization, meetings, and procedures of the Board, the duties of the officers of the Bank, the officers required to furnish bonds and the amounts thereof, the form of the seal of the Bank, and the preparation and submission of required reports. Bylaws may not be adopted, amended or repealed except after 1 week’s written notice to each Director.
(a) The affairs of the Bank must be managed and its corporate powers exercised by a Board of Directors, hereinafter referred to as “the Board”, which consists of 10 members, 9 of whom are to be appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Chairman, who is a Board member, is elected by a majority of the Board. In the event of a vacancy for any reason whatsoever, the Governor may appoint a person to fill the vacancy until the next session of the Legislature. All Directors serve two year terms. All appointees may be reappointed to the Board and may be removed by the Governor for cause, provided the majority of the Board con-curs in the cause or causes offered. At least 4 of the Board members are representatives of private business or financial interests in American Samoa. The President of the Development Bank is a nonvoting ex officio member of the Board of Directors. The President may not serve as Chairman of the Board of Directors.
(b) The Governor, with the approval of the Board, appoints a President of the Bank, with the advice and consent of the Senate. The President is responsible for the operation of the Bank with the assistance of such other officers and employees as the Board may authorize. The salary of the President and other officers is established by the Board.
The books and records of the Bank shall be thoroughly examined and audited annually, following the end of the Bank’s fiscal year, to show the statement of condition as of that fiscal year end and operations of the Bank for the 12-month period, by qualified independent certified public accountants, preferably of recognized international standing, appointed by the Board. The government shall have the right through qualified personnel in the Department of Administrative Services, or its auditing offices, to examine the affairs of the Bank at reasonable intervals, to insure that the Bank is operating its affairs on a sound businesslike basis.
(a) The capital of the Bank, together with all funds and credits that it may obtain from any loans, credits, grants, or other advances from the United States Government, or any related instrumentality empowered to make funds available to the Bank or any international finance institution or from private financial institutions that may provide loans or credits to the Bank, shall be available for investment by the Bank whether in the form of loans or stock in enterprises controlled by private individuals, partnerships, or corporations engaged in business or industry of whatever nature, that are deemed to conform to the objectives of furthering the economy of American Samoa except as may be limited by subsection (b). The loans or stock investments and all temporary short term investments must be made on the terms and conditions that the management of the Bank may determine and shall be approved by the Board of Directors and must be based on prudent and sound business judgment, as to the capacity of the prospective borrowers to repay, and all stock investments made where, in the judgment of the board, the prospects of successful operation of the business or industry seem warranted. The loans or credits authorized by this section may be only to qualified borrowers who are American Samoans or permanent residents of American Samoa.
(b) The Bank may guarantee loans or equipment leases by qualified lenders or equipment leasing firms, and it may guarantee construction performance bonds by bonding companies to entities fully or majority owned or controlled by American Samoans who although having rea-sonable assurance of repayment, do not qualify for loans, leases, or performance bonds under the requirements imposed by the original lender, lessor or bonding agency. The guarantees by the Bank may not exceed in the aggregate at any one time a total of fifty percent (50%) of the capital and surplus (excluding undivided profits) of the Bank; nor may the aggregate of Bank loans to and guarantees for any person or entity, or group of persons or entities with a common ownership, business, or financial interest, exceed 10% of the Bank’s capital and surplus unless the loan or the performance of a contract is secured directly or under right of assumption of col-lateral property, tangible or intangible, carrying a written and expert appraisal of at least 35 percent in excess of the amount guaranteed. All guarantees shall be approved by the Bank’s Board of Directors. In making guarantees and thus assuming contingent liability, the Bank shall, consistent with conservative Banking principles, keep at all times a portion of its capital funds invested in securities of the Treasury or other agencies of the United States.
(c) Commercial, or non-residential, guarantees under this section shall not exceed 90 percent of the loan amount or the total encumbrance granted to secure such loan and guarantee, whichever is less.
(d) Guarantees of home loans under this section may, in the discretion of the Bank Board of Directors, exceed 90% of the loan amount, provided that such loan and guarantee is fully secured and collateralized by the home to be constructed or improved.
The Bank exists and operates solely for the benefit of the public and is exempt from any taxes or assessments on any of its property, operations, or activities. The debts and obligations of the Bank are not debts or obligations of the government, the government may not be responsible for any such debts or obligations.
(a) The Development Bank of American Samoa must prepare and file with the Governor and with the Legislature of American Samoa, annually, within 90 days after the close of its fiscal year, a report sworn to by an officer of the Bank stating:
(1) the name and address of the Bank;
(2) a profit and loss statement of the last fiscal year and a statement of its assets and liabilities as of the close of the year; and
(3) the names and addresses of all Directors and officers of the Bank.
(b) The report must be made available to the public by publication or otherwise.
(a) For the purpose of providing a source of capital to assist the bank in meeting its purpose of promoting private enterprise, developing the economy, and benefiting the public, there is created an Economic Development Fund (the “Fund”) in the amount of $10,000,000. The Fund shall be utilized for the purposes set forth in section 28.0105 and investments made from the Fund shall be made in compliance with the management procedures and standards set forth in said section.
(b) Upon satisfying the reserve amount required for the Income Reserve Account under Section 11.0407, the Treasurer of American Samoa shall deposit into the Economic Development Fund the proceeds from twenty-five percent (25%) of all corporate income taxes until the Economic Development Fund is fully funded. Such funds shall be remitted to the Development Bank of American Samoa at the end of each calendar quarter each year. All income from investments from the Fund shall be credited to the account of the Fund and shall be available for re-investment.
All assets and liabilities of the Bank existing at the time of the enactment of this chapter inure to the benefit of and are binding upon the Bank created by this chapter.
A loan shall be made only if the manager of the Bank believes that there are reasonable prospects for its repayment. Prior to making a loan to an alien who entered American Samoa after 1955, the manager of the Bank shall consult with the immigration officer to determine the status of residency of the alien.
(a) Any director who, under color of his office, violates any law or knowingly or negligently permits any officer, agent, or employee of the Bank to violate any law, or any provision of the Bank’s charter or bylaws, shall be subject to removal from the board.
(b) Any American Samoan who has reasonable grounds to believe that a director is subject to removal under this section may petition the High Court of American Samoa for removal of the director. If the court finds that the respondent director is subject to removal under this section, the court shall order his removal and provide for such other relief as the court deems just and appropriate.
Any director, officer, employee, or agent of the Bank who, with the intent to injure or defraud the Bank or any other person, embezzles, steals, or misapplies any moneys, funds, credits, or securities; makes any false entry in a book, report, or record; or performs any other fraudulent act; and any person who, with like intent, aids or abets any director, officer, employee or agent in any of the acts described in this section shall be fined not more than $3,000, or imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or both.