Chapter 19 - Uniform Foreign Money Judgments Recognition Act

Chapter 19 - Uniform Foreign Money Judgments Recognition Act

43.1901 Definitions.

As used in this chapter:

(a) “Foreign state” means any governmental unit other than the United States, or any state, district, commonwealth, territory, or insular possession thereof, or the Panama Canal Zone, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, or the Ryukyu Islands.

(b) “Foreign judgment” means any judgment of a foreign state granting or denying recovery of a sum of money, other than a judgment for taxes, a fine or other penalty, or a judgment for support in matrimonial or family matters.

43.1902 Applicability.

This chapter applies to any foreign judgment that is final and conclusive and enforceable after the appeal is taken.

43.1903 Recognition and enforcement.

Except as provided in 43.1904, a foreign judgment meeting the requirements of 43.1902 is conclusive between the parties to the extent that it grants or denies recovery of a sum of money. The foreign judgment is enforceable in the same manner as the judgment of a sister state or territory of the United States which is entitled to full faith and credit.

43.1904 Grounds for non-recognition.

(a) A foreign judgment is not conclusive if:

(1) the judgment was rendered under a system which does not provide impartial tribunals or procedures compatible with the requirements of due process of law;

(2) the foreign court did not have personal jurisdiction over the defendant: or

(3) the foreign court did not have jurisdiction over the subject matter.

(b) A foreign judgment need not be recognized if:

(1) the defendant in the proceedings in the foreign court did not receive notice of the proceedings in sufficient time to enable him to defend:

(2) the judgment was obtained by fraud:

(3) the claim for relief on which the judgment is based is repugnant to the public policy of this state;

(4) the judgment conflicts with another final and conclusive judgment;

(5) the proceeding in the foreign court was contrary to an agreement between the parties under which the dispute in question was to be settled otherwise than by proceedings in that court; or

(6) in the case of jurisdiction based only on personal service, the foreign court was a seriously inconvenient forum for the trial of the action.

43.1905 Personal jurisdiction.

(a) The foreign judgment shall not be refused recognition for lack of personal jurisdiction if:

(1) the defendant was served personally in the foreign state;

(2) the defendant voluntarily appeared in the proceedings, other than for the purpose of protecting property seized or threatened with seizure in the proceedings or of contesting the jurisdiction of the court over him;

(3) the defendant prior to the commencement of the proceedings had agreed to submit to the jurisdiction of the court over him;

(4) the defendant was domiciled in the foreign state when the proceedings were instituted, or, being a body corporate had its principal place of business, was incorporated, or had otherwise acquired corporate status, in the foreign state the defendant had a business office in the foreign state and the proceedings in the foreign court involved a claim for relief arising out of business done by the defendant through that office in the foreign state; or

(5) the defendant operated a motor vehicle or airplane in the foreign state and the proceedings involved a claim for relief arising out of such operation.

(b) The courts of this state may recognize other bases of jurisdiction.

43.1906 Stay in case of appeal.

If the defendant proves to the court that either that an appeal is pending or that he is entitled and intends to appeal from the foreign judgment, the court may stay the proceedings until the appeal has been determined or until the expiration of a period of time sufficient to enable the defendant to prosecute the appeal.

43.1907 Saving clause.

This chapter does not prevent the recognition of a foreign judgment in situations not covered by this chapter.

43.1908 Uniformity of interpretation.

This chapter shall be so construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of those states which enact it.

43.1909 Short title.

This chapter may be cited as the Uniform Foreign Money Judgments Recognition Act.

43.1910 Application to judgments in effect on effective date.

This chapter shall apply to all foreign judgments in effect on the date this chapter becomes effective as well as all judgments rendered after such date.